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Instructions for Authors

General information

  1. The Nerve is the official journal of the Korean Society of Peripheral Nervous System, and electrically published twice a year (15 April, 15 October). This Journal publishes important issues covering all aspects of the peripheral and central nervous systems. Laboratorial investigations, original research articles, studies on valuable cases, technical notes of special surgical tactics or editorials in the field of neurosurgery, neurology and neuroscience are acceptable. All submitted manuscripts are peer-reviewed and review articles can only be published upon specific request of the editorial board. Authors can publish special drafts with the approval from the editorial board. Case reports should be brief, and avoid an extensive review of the literature.
  2. It should be assured that authors must not simultaneously submit an identical or similar paper for publication elsewhere. Multiple publication is acceptable only in the case of meeting the criteria of Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (Ann Intern Med 108: 258-265, 1988). Manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journal developed by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (February 2006).
  3. Clinical and laboratory research should be approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) or research board of the affiliated institution. Editorial board may request the approved number of IRB.


  1. All manuscripts must be written in English. Authors should minimize the use of English abbreviations. When abbreviations are used, full expression of the abbreviation following abbreviated word in parentheses should be given at first use. When spelling out loanwords, it should follow loanword orthography (Notification No. 85-11 of the Ministry of Education), and when spelled out into foreign words, should conform to the Romanization rule (Notification on Jul 7, 2000). Terms should be noted in English when used in tables, figures, or illustrations.
  2. All units should be given in metric system (The International System of Units: SI units).

Submission and revision of manuscript

  1. All papers must be submitted by corresponding author and then review process will be also achieved with corresponding author. Authors are requested to submit their papers electronically by e-mail ( Authors should upload their articles in Microsoft (MS) Word (2007 or higher version). Authors, reviewers, and editors send and receive all correspondence by e-mail and no paper correspondence is necessary.
  2. Upon submission of a manuscript, authors should send a copyright release/author agreement form/ authors check list and disclosure of conflict of interest ( by Fax or e-mail to editorial office.

    Prof. Byung-chul Son, M.D., Ph.D.
    Editor-in-Chief, The Nerve
    Department of Neurosurgery,
    St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea,
    222 Banpodae-ro, Seocho-gu, Seoul 06591, Republic of Korea
    TEL: +82-2-2258-6122
    FAX: +82-2-594-4248
  3. Author information - The list of the authors in the manuscript should include only those who were directly involved in the process of the work. Authors can refer to the guideline by Harvard University in 1999 to find details on authorship. (
  4. The manuscript should be composed of approximately 6,000 English words (not to exceed 10 pages of the journal) for clinical and laboratory studies, 3,000 English words for case reports and technical notes (not to exceed 5pages of the journal). It should be composed of 600 English words for letters to the editor. Manuscript should be typed in A4 size white paper with double spaced (200%), and font size of 11 point with margins of 3 cm on each side.
  5. The editorial board will make a decision on the approval for publication of the submitted manuscripts, and can request any further corrections, revisions, and deletions to the article text if necessary.
  6. All fees regarding the review, publishing and re-printing of the manuscript will be determined by the editorial board and should be deposited as stated.
  7. For a better English copyediting, proofreading from professional editing company is recommended.

Manuscript preparation

  1. Title page
    The title page should be composed of external and internal title pages.
    1. The external title page should contain the article title, and full names of all authors with their institutional affiliations in English. The type of manuscript (clinical research, laboratory study, case report) should be also addressed. When the work includes multiple authors with different affiliations, the institution where the research was mainly conducted should be spelled out first, then be followed by foot notes in superscript Arabic numerals beside the authors' names to describe their affiliation in a consecutive order of the numbers. Running head must be included consisting of no more than 65 characters/spaces. The external title page should also contain the address, telephone and facsimile numbers, and e-mail address of the corresponding author at the bottom of the page, as well as information on the previous presentation of the manuscript in conferences and funding resources, if necessary. The external title page should be a separate file.
    2. The internal title page should only contain the article title in English. The internal title page must not contain any information on the names and affiliations of the authors.
  2. Manuscript format
    The article should be organized in the order of title, abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusions, references, tables, and figures or illustrations. In case reports, materials and methods and results can be replaced with cases. Manuscript format may vary in review articles and special drafts.
  3. Abstract
    All manuscripts must contain an abstract. Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion sections should be included in clinical or laboratory research, but are not necessary in other types of studies. The abstract should include brief descriptions on the objective, methods, results, and conclusion as well as a detailed description of the data. An abstract containing 250 words or less is required for original articles and 200 words for case reports. A list of key words, with a maximum of six items, should be included at the end of the abstract. The selection of Key Words should be based on Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) of Index Medicus and the Web site (
  4. Introduction
    The introduction should address the purpose of the article concisely, and include background reports mainly relevant to the purpose of the paper. Detailed review of the literature should be addressed in the discussion section.
  5. Materials and Methods
    The article should record research plans, objective, and methods in order, as well as the data analysis strategies and control of bias in the study. Enough details should be furnished for the reader to understand the method(s) without reference to another work in the study described.
    When reporting experiments with human subjects, the authors should indicate whether they received an approval from the Institutional Review Board for the study. When reporting experiments with animal subjects, the authors should indicate whether the handling of the animals was supervised by the research board of the affiliated institution or a similar one. Photographs disclosing patients must be accompanied by a signed release form from the patient or family permitting publication.
    We endorse the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki and expect that all investigations involving human materials have been performed in accordance with these principles. For animal experiment, “the Guiding Principles in the Care and Use of Animals” approved by the American Physiological Society have to be observed. Explanation of the experimental methods should be concise and sufficient for repetition by other qualified investigators. Procedures that have been published previously should not be described in detail. However, new or significant modifications of previously published procedures need full descriptions. The sources of special chemicals or preparations should be given along with their location (name of company, city and state, and country). Method of statistical analyses and criteria of significance level should be described. In Case Reports, case history or case description replace the Materials and Methods section as well as Results section. Please inform us the approved number of IRB when you submit the manuscript.
  6. Results
    The authors should describe logically their results of observations and analyses performed using methodology given in the previous section and provide actual data. For biometric measurements in which considerable amount of stochastic variation exists a statistical treatment should be used in principle. The result section should include sorely the findings of the current study, and not refer to previous reports. While an effort should be made to avoid overlapping descriptions by Tables and by main text, important trends and points in the Table should be described in the text.
  7. Discussion
    Discussions about the findings of the research and interpretations in relation to other studies are made. It is necessary to emphasize the new and critical findings of the study, not to repeat the results of the study presented in the previous sections. The meaning and limitation of observed facts should be described, and the conclusion should be related to the objective of the study only when it is supported by the results of the research. It is encouraged for the authors to use subheadings in the discussion section so that the readers can follow the logical flow of the authors' thought.
  8. Conclusion
    The conclusion section should include a concise statement of the major findings of the study in accordance with the study purpose.
  9. References
    1. Only references cited in text must appear in the reference list and marked in the form of superscript at the end of the sentences they were used in text (example: reference10,16-19)
    2. All references should be alphabetized by the first author's last name.
    3. The number of references should be 25 or less for a clinical/ laboratorial study and 20 or less for a case report.
    4. When a work has six or less authors, cite the names of all authors. When a work has over six authors, cite the first six authors' name followed by "et al." Abbreviations for journal titles should be congruent with the style of Index Medicus. A journal title with one word does not need to be written out in abbreviation. The styles of references are as follows:
      ▸ Journal
      Yang HJ, Lee DH, Lee YJ, Chi JG, Lee JY, Phi JH, et al.: Secondary neurulation of human embryos: morphological changes and the expression of neuronal antigens. Childs Nerv Syst 30: 73-82, 2014
      ▸ Book
      Conover WJ: Practical Nonparametric Statistics, ed 2. New York: Jon Wiley & Sons, 1971, pp216-218
      ▸ Chapter in a book
      Fischberg GM, Mohammadi A, Suzuki S, Fisher M. Diagnosis and management of moyamoya disease. In: Cohen SN, ed. Management of Ischemic Stroke. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2000; 291-310
  10. Tables, figures, and illustrations
    1. Tables and figure legends should be included below the references pages at the end of the paper, but figures should be submitted separately from the text of paper.
    2. Table should be simple and should not duplicate information in figures. Title all tables and number them with Arabic numerals in the order of their citation. Type each table on a separate sheet. Describe all abbreviations. Each column should have an appropriate heading, and if numerical measurements are given, the unit should be added to column heading. The significance of results should be indicated by appropriate statistical analysis. Table footnotes should be indicated with superscript markings. When remarks are used to explain items of the table, the markers should be given in the order of *, †, ‡, §, ∥. Tables cannot be submitted in a picture format.
    3. Photographs should be submitted individually (Namely, if Figure 1 is divided into A, B, C and D, do not combine it into one, but submit each of them separately). Allowable file format for figures are JPG or TIF(TIFF) only. Figures should be named according to figure name (example: Fig-1A.tif). If the quality of the photographs is considered as inappropriate for printing, re-submission of them can be requested by the journal. Authors should submit figures in black and white if they want them to be printed in black and white. Total file size of all figures should not exceed 5MB for review purpose. If your manuscript is accepted for publication, editorial office can request you to upload figure files of highest quality for printing. Line art should have resolution of 1,200 dpi or more in JPG or TIF format.
    4. Cover illustrations: Of their works, authors can submit art to be considered as a cover illustration along with the article.
  11. Letters to the editor or commentary letters
    Authors can submit a sound critic or opinion for the specific article published in the journal, topic of general interest to neurosurgeons, personal view on a specific scientific issue, departmental announcements or changes, conference schedules, or other information of the clinical fields.
  12. Review articles
    The authors and topics for review articles will be selected by the editorial board. Review articles should also undergo the review process.
  13. Special articles
    Special articles are devoted to providing updated reports by specialists in various fields or significant issues (e.g. history of the field) for the members of the society. The authors and topics of special drafts will be assigned and specially requested by the editorial board.
  14. Publication and reprints
    1. Once a manuscript is accepted for publication by the journal, it will be sent to the press, and page proofs will be sent to authors. Authors must respond to the page proofs as soon as possible after making necessary corrections of misspellings, and the location of the photographs, figures or tables. Authors can make corrections for only typing errors, and are not allowed to make any author alteration or substantive changes of the text. Proofs must be returned to the press within 72 hours of receipt. No response from the authors within this time frame will lead the publication of the proof read without corrections, and the editorial board is not responsible for any mistakes or errors occurring in this process.
    2. We currently have on-line publication policy, and there will be publication fee when accepted for publication. A reprint form of PDF files is provided to authors.
  15. Author checklist
    1. Before submitting the manuscript, authors should double-check all requirements noted in the agreement form regarding the registration and copyrights of their manuscript. A manuscript that does not fit the author instructions of the journal regarding format and references will be returned to the authors for further correction.
    2. The page numbers in the manuscript should be counted from the page with the abstract, and the name and affiliation of the authors should not appear thereafter.
    3. Author check list should be prepared, signed by corresponding author, submitted with manuscripts. Relevant forms can be downloaded at the journal site.
  16. Research and Publication Ethics
    Case reports should consist of an Abstract, Keywords, INTRODUCTION, CASE REPORT, DISCUSSION, and REFERENCES (no more than 20). Case reports should have fewer than nine authors. The abstract should be concisely written (fewer than 250 words).
Copyright© The Korean Society of Peripheral Nervous System. All rights reserved.
Editorial Office
Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea
222 Banpodae-ro, Seocho-gu, Seoul 06591, Republic of Korea
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